The Problem

Less than 20% of 160million Nigerians have access to electricity daily: 90% of entire economic activities in Nigeria are built on Fossil Fuel energy where about 80million people spend an average of $4.1 per day on petrol. An estimated 60 million residents use generators of varying sizes. In the last one year, average residential expenditure in fuelling power generators climbed to an all-time high of N1.56 trillion, about $13.35 billion per annum. (Vanguard Paper)

Successive Governments have continued to fail with weak institutional and political will to ensure a successful implementation of policies in the country and where most communities are yet to be connected to the National grid, the poor in these regions suffers. While efforts are being made currently by the present administration to adequately provide electricity, there still exist a major percentage of the poor that is still cut off from these services.

Nigeria experiences the worst electricity crisis among its contemporaries in Africa, which underscores the nightmarish generation, distribution and supply in the country. Electricity crisis is the most important infrastructure bottleneck in Nigeria today as all types of firms in Nigeria experience power outages and 85 percent of them own generators as alternative source of power generation.

The lack of access to reliable and affordable essential energy resources and services in Nigeria is wholly not as a result of “underdevelopment” but rather is more a causal factor of economic poverty, malnutrition, chronic health fragility and location insecurity. The quality of lives improves positively immediately the poor can access energy resources and services and sustains livelihood, increases the economic opportunities and consequently reduces demographic pressure on ecosystems, thereby limits or reduce the green house gas emission.

Equitable distribution of energy supply in Nigeria should be seen as a major component of sustainable development and climate change adaptation. There is greater number of the people going to bed daily without electricity within the middle- and low-income households. As at August 2014, the total available measurable energy generated through the National grid hovers around 3,000MW while the daily energy consumption requirement for Lagos central alone is capped at 18,000MW.

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